Tranzit Art Café
1114 Budapest, Kosztolányi Dezső tér (Bukarest utca) (Lot No. 4367/40)
Budapest Award of Architectural Excellence, Award Recipient, 2005
Due to its architectural values, the bus station built in the 1960s was worth keeping even after it had lost its function. Architect Attila Borsay, designer of the renovation retained the structure of the building, the mosaic wall and the outer platform roof, even the old ‘buffet’ or ‘cash desk’ signs can be read on the wall of the room, which was converted from a waiting room into a consumer space.
Originally, the small added block of the former traffic management office housed computers (internet access) and, in a slightly more hidden way, restrooms were also placed there. Another small block that used to accommodate a buffet and cash desk and was connected to the hall now houses the kitchen. After renovation, the original choice of materials was kept on the external façade, and the brick surface of the restrooms’ block was finished with white plaster, so the rigorousness of the building was slightly softened towards the terrace. Slender T-steel profiles support the new thermally insulated glazing of the hall space, so that the glass divisions appear outside with the elegancy of the former profiles. The solution used is both cost-effective and authentic, as the original frame was also a section steel structure. Underfloor heating and air heating of the new building services were connected to the district heating network, while the ventilation is a combination of natural and artificial air exchange. A new lighting system was installed: concealed lighting provides the butterfly roof with diffused light from below, and terrace lighting integrated in the floor helps to enhance the floating effect of the reinforced concrete structure supported at only four places. The garden – originally the first steam-garden in the country – was created by the plans of Anikó Andor. The neighborhood, guests, visitors and the entire city benefited from the conversion. Last but not least, the project has become a real model for the preservation and renewal of the modern architectural heritage.
Schmal Fülöp, (except photo No. 6.)
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